Evaluation of the compliance with the goals proposed by the World Health Organization for the elimination of congenital syphilis from a University Hospital of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Authors

  • Luciane Rodrigues Pedreira de Cerqueira Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro - UERJ
  • Denise Leite Maia Monteiro
  • Stella Regina Taquette Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro - UERJ
  • Nádia Cristina Pinheiro Rodrigues Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro - UERJ
  • Caroline Tavares da Mota Monteiro
  • Bianca de Melo Araújo
  • Alexandre José Baptista Trajano
  • Flávio Monteiro de Souza Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro - UERJ

Keywords:

syphilis, pregnancy, prenatal care, prevalence

Abstract

Introduction: The World Health Organization (WHO) considers Brazil as one of the 15 priority countries for the control of syphilis among pregnant women due to the high prevalence of the disease and the large population of the country. Despite the easy prevention and treatment of the disease, its progress in the country is epidemic. The disease is responsible for more than 300,000 fetal and neonatal deaths, and 520,000 fetal adverse outcomes annually in the world. Objective: To verify if the goals proposed by WHO for the elimination of congenital syphilis are being fulfilled in the pregnant women assistance. Methods: Cross-sectional study with data collected from laboratories, medical records and questionnaires of 79 parturients with the disease hospitalized at the Pedro Ernesto University Hospital (HUPE) of the Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ), Perinatal Nucleus, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, between 2012 and 2014. Results: The incidence of congenital syphilis in HUPE was the following: 26.6 cases per 1,000 live births (LB). The average age of pregnant women was 26 years, most non-white (81%), single (82.1%), and less than nine years of education (57.7%). History of previous sexually transmitted infections (STI) was reported by 35.4% (28/79) and 20% showed (16/79) Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) coinfection. The majority (72.2%) did not use condoms regularly. In the evaluation of the goals recommended by WHO, only the enrolment reached 92.4% (90% goal), 87.3% of the participants were tested (90% goal), 72.2% of the pregnant women were treated (100% goal), 51.0% of them were treated before the 24th week of gestation (80% goal) and 19.0% of partners treated the disease (80% goal). Regarding the condom use orientation during prenatal care, 52.5% of the parturients confirmed the use of the preservative (100% goal). Conclusion: The basic and strategic rules defined by WHO for the control of congenital syphilis in the country have not been accomplished to the daily loss of thousands of opportunities to save lives during prenatal care.

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Author Biographies

Luciane Rodrigues Pedreira de Cerqueira, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro - UERJ

Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ) – Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil.

Denise Leite Maia Monteiro

Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ) – Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil.2Centro Universitário Serra dos Órgãos (UNIFESO) – Teresópolis (RJ), Brazil.

Stella Regina Taquette, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro - UERJ

Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ) – Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil.

Nádia Cristina Pinheiro Rodrigues, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro - UERJ

Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ) – Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (FIOCRUZ) – Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil.

Caroline Tavares da Mota Monteiro

Colégio de Aplicação, UERJ – Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil.

Bianca de Melo Araújo

Colégio de Aplicação, UERJ – Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil

Alexandre José Baptista Trajano

Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ) – Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Universidade do Grande Rio (UNIGRANRIO) – Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil.

Flávio Monteiro de Souza, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro - UERJ

Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ) – Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil

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Published

2017-09-21

How to Cite

1.
Cerqueira LRP de, Monteiro DLM, Taquette SR, Rodrigues NCP, Monteiro CT da M, Araújo B de M, et al. Evaluation of the compliance with the goals proposed by the World Health Organization for the elimination of congenital syphilis from a University Hospital of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. DST [Internet]. 2017 Sep. 21 [cited 2024 Apr. 14];29(4):131-7. Available from: https://www.bjstd.org/revista/article/view/810

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Original Article