Contribution to the study of epidemiological surveillance of congenital syphilis in a hospital of the Unified Health System located in the Baixada Fluminense region, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil

Authors

  • Carolina Galvão
  • Wesley Caixeta Borges
  • Philippe Godefroy
  • Sergio Araújo Martins Teixeira
  • Eduardo Martins Gerde
  • Alfredo de Almeida Cunha

Keywords:

congenital syphilis, epidemiological surveillance, sexually transmitted diseases, prenatal care, health systems

Abstract

Introduction: Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) of bacterial etiology. If it is not early diagnosed and immediately treated in pregnant women, possible repercussions can occur, such as fetal deformities, miscarriages and stillborn, or syphilitic neonate with syphilis (congenital syphilis), causing serious public health problems. Objective: To describe the prevalence of congenital syphilis in a hospital of the Unified Health System (Sistema Único de Saúde — SUS) of the Baixada Fluminense region, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Methods: Identified cases of congenital syphilis in the Hospital Estadual da Mãe (HMAE) from January 2013 to January 2014. Retrospective and descriptive study of data collected from medical records. Descriptive analysis with categorical variables proportions. Results: 175 cases of congenital syphilis in 6,274 births (2.7%) were analyzed. Around 80.0% of women with syphilis received prenatal care. As for the distribution of the number of sexual partners of pregnant women with syphilis who received treatment during prenatal care, only 5 of 175 records registered that their partners also received treatment, while 16 patient records contained information that the partner did not carry out the treatment, and 154 showed no information about the pregnant women partners. Conclusion: The absolute majority of cases of congenital syphilis occurred in pregnant women who had undergone prenatal care. It demonstrates that it is necessary to improve the quality of basic care in order to eliminate this severe problem of Brazilian public health.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Carolina Galvão

São Francisco Hospital e Maternidade – Niterói (RJ), Brasil. Hospital Estadual da Mãe – Mesquita (RJ), Brazil. Hospital Maternidade Therezinha de Jesus – Juiz de Fora (MG), Brazil.

Wesley Caixeta Borges

Associação Brasileira de Ensino Universitário (UNIABEU) – Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil

Philippe Godefroy

Hospital da Mulher Heloneida Studart – São João de Meriti (RJ), Brasil.

Sergio Araújo Martins Teixeira

Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ) – Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil

Eduardo Martins Gerde

Hospital Estadual da Mãe – Mesquita (RJ), Brazil.

Alfredo de Almeida Cunha

Instituto de Educação e Pesquisa, Hospital Maternidade Therezinha de Jesus – Juiz de Fora (MG), Brazil.

Downloads

Published

2017-09-21

How to Cite

1.
Galvão C, Borges WC, Godefroy P, Teixeira SAM, Gerde EM, Cunha A de A. Contribution to the study of epidemiological surveillance of congenital syphilis in a hospital of the Unified Health System located in the Baixada Fluminense region, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil. DST [Internet]. 2017 Sep. 21 [cited 2024 May 28];29(4):138-42. Available from: https://www.bjstd.org/revista/article/view/808

Issue

Section

Original Article