Detection of chlamydia trachomatis by immunological methods in adult and adolescent female population in Cuiabá, Mato Grosso

Authors

  • Alexandre Paulo Machado
  • Marly Pinto de Matos
  • Arturo Ayala Zavala y Zavala
  • Zaíra Batista da Silva
  • Dulce Aparecida Barbosa

Keywords:

Chlamydia trachomatis, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, immunologic tests

Abstract

Introduction: Worldwide, Chlamydia trachomatis infection remains a major public health problem, especially for sexually active young adults. Objective: To investigate the sexually transmitted disease by Chlamydia trachomatis in adolescents and young women aged 15–25 years from Cuiabá and Várzea Grande, Mato Grosso, Brazil, through the ELISA and direct immunofluorescence methods. Methods: A cross-sectional quantitative study of endocervical samples from 328 nonpregnant, sexually active women who received care in basic health units. Endocervical samples were collected and C. trachomatis antigens detected by ELISA and direct immunofluorescence methods. Results: A total of 11 positive samples were obtained with ELISA (3.4%) and 69 with direct immunofluorescence (24.4%). The largest number of cases occurred in the 16–25 years age group (24.39%). Conclusion: The rate of positive cases observed was representative, similarly to those found in other studies, and, therefore, indicating Chlamydia strains circulating in the population studied. Amplification of prophylactic, diagnostic, and therapeutic measures in public health services will be an important step to counter the spread of sexually transmitted diseases, including genital infection by C. trachomatis in the female population.

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Author Biographies

Alexandre Paulo Machado

Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso, Faculdade de Medicina, Departamento de Ciências Básicas em Saúde.

Marly Pinto de Matos

Doctoral Fellow at the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq); PhD in Health Sciences, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP) – São Paulo (SP), Brazil.

Arturo Ayala Zavala y Zavala

Associate Professor at the School of Economics, UFMT – Cuiabá (MT), Brazil

Zaíra Batista da Silva

Biologist, specialist in Clinical Analysis, MT Laboratório, Health Secretariat of the State of Mato Grosso – Cuiabá (MT), Brazil.

Dulce Aparecida Barbosa

Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, UNIFESP – São Paulo (MT), Brazil.

Published

2022-04-20

How to Cite

1.
Machado AP, Matos MP de, Zavala AAZ y, Silva ZB da, Barbosa DA. Detection of chlamydia trachomatis by immunological methods in adult and adolescent female population in Cuiabá, Mato Grosso. DST [Internet]. 2022 Apr. 20 [cited 2024 Jul. 12];27(1-2):16-21. Available from: https://www.bjstd.org/revista/article/view/691

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Section

Original Article