Profile of women with inflammatory processby candidaby pap smear in DST clinic

Authors

  • Aléa M.C. Bastos
  • Renato S. Bravo
  • Rubem A. Goulart Filho
  • Tomaz B. Isolan
  • Nero A. Barreto

Keywords:

vulvovaginal candidiasis, pap smear, vaginitis

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is an infectious disease caused by a fungus of the Candida generous. The species albicans is responsiblefor more than 90% of the VVC. It is considered that more than two thirds of the women in the world will have at least one episode of VVC during theirlifetime. Objectives: Knowing the frequency of inflammatory process caused by Candida in results of Pap smear in a DST clinic. Establish the profile ofwomen with positive results for Candida in preventive exam. Determine the association of vaginal infection found by Pap smear. Methods: Treats aboutthe retrospective positive cases for candida, diagnosed from Pap smear, colleted in women assisted in the UFF-STD Sector in 1995. Results: From 572preventives realized, the positivity for candida accured in 49 (8,6%) of the cases. The association between candida and bacterial vaginosis was 0,3% andbetween candida and trichomoniasis was 0,5%. The found of candida in fresco microscopy was 77,6% of all positive lamina in the stained Pap smear. Fortywomen (81,6%) accepted realizing the serological exams for syphilis, and all the results were negative. Conclusion: The profile of the women withinflammatory process caused by candida in the PAP smear was young people (between 21-30 years), singles, pard, with low scholarship level, low parity(gestation II), first sexual activity between 16-20 years, who don’t use contraceptive methods nor use regularly condoms, are heterosexual, with fixed andexclusive partner, practice oral sex, have orgasm and in the historical progress of STD, the infection for HPV is the most mention. Medicine associationsare not justified for vaginal products because coinfections of candida, bacterial vaginosis and trichomoniasis are extremely rare.

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Author Biographies

Aléa M.C. Bastos

Mestre em DST, Setor de DST (MIP/CMB/CCM) da Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF), Niterói, RJ.

Renato S. Bravo

Professor Doutor, Disciplina de Ginecologia da UFF.

Rubem A. Goulart Filho

Mestre em DST, Setor de DST da UFF.

Tomaz B. Isolan

Professor Mestre da Disciplina de Urologia da Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS - Mestre em DST - UFF.

Nero A. Barreto

Professor Mestre-Doutorando, Setor de DST da UFF.

Published

2003-04-18

How to Cite

1.
Bastos AM, Bravo RS, Goulart Filho RA, Isolan TB, Barreto NA. Profile of women with inflammatory processby candidaby pap smear in DST clinic. DST [Internet]. 2003 Apr. 18 [cited 2024 Jun. 25];15(2):26-38. Available from: https://www.bjstd.org/revista/article/view/457

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Section

Original Article