Situational analysis of syphilis cases taking place between 2015 and 2021 in the state of Rio Grande do Norte - Brazil

Authors

  • Tereza Beatriz Oliveira Assunção Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Center of Technology, Department of Biomedical Engineering – Natal (RN), Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0423-7809
  • Nicolas Vinícius Rodrigues Veras Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Center of Technology, Post-Graduate Program in Electrical and Computer Engineering – Natal (RN), Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6102-7309
  • Custódio Leopoldino de Brito Guerra Neto Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Center of Technology, Department of Biomedical Engineering – Natal (RN), Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4934-7294
  • Ângelo Roncalli Oliveira Guerra Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Center of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering – Natal (RN), Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9289-7630
  • Renivânia Pereira da Silva Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, School of Science and Technology – Natal (RN), Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8055-8415
  • Francimária Aparecida da Silva Oliveira Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Center of Technology, Department of Biomedical Engineering – Natal (RN), Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8204-6461
  • Christian Jesus Sodré Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Center of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering – Natal (RN), Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4117-3608
  • Wesley Wagner Varela Souza Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Center of Technology, Department of Mechatronic Engineering – Natal (RN), Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1711-543X
  • Ana Luiza Matos da Silva Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Center of Technology, Post-Graduate Program in Electrical and Computer Engineering – Natal (RN), Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0640-9838

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5327/DST-2177-8264-2023351221

Keywords:

Syphilis, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Public Health

Abstract

  • Introduction: Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection that represents a severe public health problem worldwide and in Brazil it has not been different. The national compulsory notifications regarding syphilis cases are significantly increasing, and therefore, this fact alone justifies the study of such a relevant subject. Objective: This work presents a situational analysis of syphilis cases in the state of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, between 2015 and 2021, aiming primarily at assisting public healthcare authorities in decision-making processes to cope with the disease. Concomitantly, this research aims to build knowledge as well as to provide awareness to the population. Methods: This study analyzed data from compulsory notifications reports from 2015 to 2021, available in the database of the Brazilian Unified Health System’s Informatics Department, in the Brazilian Information System of Notifiable Diseases and in the Brazilian Health Surveillance Secretariat. Results: In the state, 70% of patients with syphilis are aged 15 to 39 years. The rate of patients affected with acquired syphilis that have low education is 48%, and for pregnant women, this value rises to 77%. The declared mixed-race patients represent 48% of notifications for acquired syphilis, and for mixed-race pregnant women, this value increases to 60%. In congenital syphilis, 98% of compulsory notifications occurred for children aged up to 7 days of birth. Conclusion: Syphilis in Rio Grande do Norte is a public health problem that mainly affects the vulnerable population, predominantly the groups at risk with low education, mixed race, and young-adult people, being of paramount importance to combat the disease through population awareness, as well as through constant and adequate compulsory notification.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Downloads

Published

2023-01-31

How to Cite

1.
Oliveira Assunção TB, Rodrigues Veras NV, Leopoldino de Brito Guerra Neto C, Oliveira Guerra Ângelo R, Pereira da Silva R, Aparecida da Silva Oliveira F, Jesus Sodré C, Varela Souza WW, Matos da Silva AL. Situational analysis of syphilis cases taking place between 2015 and 2021 in the state of Rio Grande do Norte - Brazil. DST [Internet]. 2023 Jan. 31 [cited 2023 Jun. 8];35. Available from: https://www.bjstd.org/revista/article/view/1221

Issue

Section

Original Article